Scoliosis Operation in Türkiye - Comprehensive Information on the Condition.

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis, a term that may evoke memories of school-based spine checks, is a condition that affects millions worldwide. But what really is scoliosis, and why does it matter? This page will delve deep into the world of this spinal condition, shedding light on its origins, manifestations, and the latest treatments available.

Scoliosis is a spinal deformity where the spine curves sideways. When viewed from the back, a typical spine is straight. However, someone with scoliosis might have a spine that curves into an "S" or "C" shape.

Causes of Scoliosis

There are several potential causes of scoliosis, including:

  • Idiopathic Scoliosis: The most common type, its exact cause remains unknown. It's typically classified based on the age of diagnosis:
    • Infantile: Diagnosed before age 3.
    • Juvenile: Diagnosed between ages 3 and 9.
    • Adolescent: Diagnosed between ages 10 and 18, often noticed during growth spurts.
  • Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Resulting from irregular nerves or muscles, often seen in individuals with cerebral palsy or spinal bifida.
  • Congenital Scoliosis: Caused by bone abnormalities present at birth.
  • Degenerative Scoliosis: Occurs in older adults, caused by changes in the spine due to aging.

Symptoms and Detection

While many with scoliosis experience no symptoms, others might have:

  • Uneven shoulders or waist
  • One hip higher than the other
  • A rotating spine
  • Back pain
Regular screenings in schools often detect scoliosis, especially during the peak ages of 10-15. Early detection can lead to more effective treatments.

Treatment Options

The nature and severity of scoliosis, as well as the patient's age, dictate the best treatment:

  • Observation: Many minor curves need no treatment and are just observed over time, especially if the individual has mostly finished growing.
  • Bracing: Used for growing children with curves that have the potential to progress. It won't cure scoliosis or reverse the curve, but it can prevent further curvature.
  • Surgery: In more severe cases, spinal fusion can be used to correct the curve. Metal rods, hooks, screws, and wires typically hold the spine straight while the bones fuse.
  • Physical Therapy: Exercises can't stop scoliosis, but they can improve posture, spinal function, and reduce discomfort.

Living with Scoliosis

While the diagnosis might seem daunting, many individuals with scoliosis lead normal, active lives. Most can participate in sports and regular activities, though some modifications might be needed.

Research and Innovations

With the medical world evolving rapidly, new techniques and treatments are emerging. Techniques such as the Vertebral Body Tethering (VBT) offer less invasive methods for certain patients, preserving flexibility.


Scoliosis, though common, remains surrounded by misconceptions. Early detection and understanding are key to navigating and managing this condition effectively. Whether you or a loved one has scoliosis, know that with the right care, tools, and mindset, a fulfilling, active life is entirely within reach.

> What is scoliosis and how does it develop?
Scoliosis is defined as an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine. It typically begins during adolescence, and the exact cause is often unknown.
> In what cases are scoliosis surgeries necessary?
The severity and progression rate of scoliosis determine the need for surgery. Surgery may be considered for severe scoliosis cases that cannot be controlled with medication, physical therapy, and regular monitoring.
> How is scoliosis surgery performed?
Scoliosis surgery is generally performed using metal rods and screw systems to correct and stabilize the spine.
> What should I be aware of before surgery?
A comprehensive evaluation should be conducted before surgery. It's important to strictly follow your surgeon's instructions. Preoperative blood tests and other examinations may be performed.
> How does the recovery process work after surgery?
The recovery process can vary from person to person, but typically, patients stay in the hospital for a few days after surgery and then continue their recovery at home.
> Will physical therapy be required after surgery?
Yes, physical therapy and rehabilitation are often recommended after surgery. This helps strengthen muscles and support the spine.
> How is postoperative pain managed?
Your surgeon will prescribe medications and techniques suitable for pain management. Pain management is crucial for a comfortable recovery process.
> What is the process of returning to normal daily activities after surgery?
This process varies depending on the type of surgery and the patient's rate of recovery. Your surgeon will guide you on when you can return to normal activities.
> What are the risks associated with scoliosis surgeries?
Like all surgical interventions, scoliosis surgeries come with certain risks. These risks may include infection, bleeding, and potential damage to spinal nerves. However, these risks can be minimized depending on your surgeon's experience and the complexity of the surgery.
> How will the regular check-ups and follow-up process work after surgery?
Regular doctor check-ups after surgery are essential. During these check-ups, the progress of your spine's healing and any potential complications will be monitored. These check-ups are important for evaluating your long-term health status.


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